An authentic, delicious recipe for Eggplant Moussaka- perfect for entertaining or serving at a  special gathering. Can be made ahead. Vegetarian and vegan adaptable!
An authentic, delicious recipe for Eggplant Moussaka- with a Tomato lamb sauce, and creamy béchamel sauce. Vegetarian Adaptable! Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. 

This Rustic Eggplant Moussaka takes a little bit of time and effort to make- but despite this, I wholeheartedly encourage you to give it a go, at least one time this fall because when it is all said and done, it is worth every drop of energy you put into it.

It is that good.  It is very special to my heart, one of my all-time favorite recipes on the blog!

Comforting, hearty and flavorful this authentic Eggplant Moussaka Recipe ticks all the boxes for me and honestly, I just can’t wait for you to try it because I know you will love it. It is also easily made vegetarian and vegan!

Make this on a day where you have ample time and are not rushed. Or make it in stages!

Eggplant Moussaka Video

An authentic, delicious recipe for Eggplant Moussaka- with a Tomato lamb sauce, and creamy béchamel sauce. Vegetarian Adaptable! Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving.#eggplantmoussaka

What is Eggplant Moussaka?

Eggplant Moussaka originates from the Mediterranean region of the globe, but most commonly hails from Greece. Succulent, roasted (or grilled) eggplant is layered with a rich meaty tomato sauce made with ground lamb (or ground beef) and a hint of cinnamon.  This version is vegetarian-adaptable! 

It is topped with a wobbly béchamel sauce infused with fresh nutmeg, then placed in a hot oven to bake and meld. It smells divine.

The creamy white béchamel turns a lovely golden brown and infuses your home with goodness. Every time I make this I find myself wishing I would have made a double batch, freezing one for another time.

  
eggplant

Can Eggplant Moussaka be made Vegetarian?

Yes! This recipe can easily be made vegetarian and gluten-free. If you are vegetarian, use a ground meat substitute, like Gimme Lean or St Ives Meatless Ground, instead of lamb.

Tips:

  1. Always roast or grill the eggplant first. There are many recipes out there on how to do a quicker version. Numerous ways to cut corners. And while I am all for efficiency, I have never been happy with these results when it comes to Moussaka. Whatever you do, please do not layer the eggplant without roasting (or grilling) it first!
  2. Make this in stages if pressed for time. The eggplant can be roasted or grilled ahead and refrigerated. Same with the tomato- meat sauce. Same with the Bechamel! Then just assemble and bake.
  3. Bake this ahead. The Eggplant Moussaka tastes even better the next day, so feel free to make and bake and ahead, and reheat before serving!
  4. Salting the eggplant reduces bitterness. 

Moussaka Variations:

When catering for various events, we have modernized this dish, by making beautiful eggplant rolls, or even making tall moussaka stacks, called napoleons, skewered with a spring of rosemary.
While I like the showy look of it, I still prefer this rustic old-school version better, and this is how I prepare it at home. This recipe is typical of what you find in the villages of Greece. 
 

Benefits of Salting the eggplant:

  1. Salting the eggplant ahead helps remove some of the bitterness, especially found in larger eggplants that have a lot of seeds (where most of the bitterness is) by drawing out the bitter moisture.
  2. It helps reduce the amount of oil the eggplant will absorb, resulting in a lighter, healthier, less oily dish.
  3. It improves the eggplant’s overall texture, keeping it from getting too mushy.
  4. Even though most of the salt is rinsed off, it seasons the eggplant nicely.
 
eggplant moussaka prep

How to salt Eggplant:

  1. Cut eggplant into  ⅓ -1/4 inch disks (no thinner).
  2. Sprinkle salt on the eggplant and place in a bowl or colander to sit for one hour.
  3. As you will see, the eggplant will release moisture.
  4. Rinse and pat dry.

Make sure to rinse this off well (this is a bitter liquid).

degorging eggplant

Place the eggplant on a clean kitchen towel ( or paper towels) and place another towel over top, pressing down to dry the eggplant as much as possible.

eggplant

Roast the eggplant!

  1. Place the eggplant slices on greased baking sheets and either brush lightly with olive oil, or spray with cooking spray.
  2. Roast in a 400F oven until golden, 20-30 minutes, rotating pan halfway through, careful not to blacken.
  3. If need be, remove any slices that are thinner which will have cooked faster. The eggplant will continue to cook once assembled, so at this point, don’t worry if they don’t seem completely done. Just make sure they are golden in color. You can also broil them, to bring up the color.

Grilling vs. roasting the Eggplant for Moussaka:

  • In summer, I really prefer grilling the eggplant.  It saves on having to clean up an extra sheet pan
  • and keep the kitchen cool. Plus grilling adds more flavor!
  • If grilling, brush with oil,  give a good deep sear on each side and wrap up in foil for 10 minutes so it cooks through and gets soft.

An authentic, delicious recipe for Rustic Eggplant Moussaka- perfect for entertaining or serving at a  special gathering. Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. #moussaka #eggplant #eggplantmoussaka #lamb #vegetarianmoussaka

While the eggplant is being prepared, make the two sauces.

Eggplant Moussaka’s Two Signature Sauces:

  1. A meaty tomato sauce with a hint of cinnamon (vegetarian adaptable) similar to Bolognese typically made with ground lamb ( or beef).
  2. A creamy bechamel sauce with a hint of nutmeg.

 Expert Tip:

If you are tempted to substitute ground beef, because you are not sure you like lamb, this is the perfect recipe to give the lamb a try. The robust flavors of lamb are at home with the cinnamon and nutmeg and give this dish that extra “something”.  The flavors really compliment each other, without tasting too lamb-y.  Ground lamb truly elevates here!

An authentic, delicious recipe for Rustic Eggplant Moussaka- perfect for entertaining or serving at a  special gathering. Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. #moussaka #eggplant #eggplantmoussaka #lamb #vegetarianmoussaka

Start with the tomato meat sauce, because it takes longer to cook. And like I said before, feel free to make this 1-2 days ahead!

An authentic, delicious recipe for Rustic Eggplant Moussaka- perfect for entertaining or serving at a  special gathering. Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. #moussaka #eggplant #eggplantmoussaka #lamb #vegetarianmoussaka
Then make the creamy béchamel sauce.
An authentic, delicious recipe for Rustic Eggplant Moussaka- perfect for entertaining or serving at a  special gathering. Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. #moussaka #eggplant #eggplantmoussaka #lamb #vegetarianmoussaka

The last step in making the bechamel is adding a lightly beaten egg.

Assemeble the Moussaka

In a greased, ovenproof baking dish, or dutch oven, layer the first layer of eggplant, on the bottom.

An authentic, delicious recipe for Rustic Eggplant Moussaka- perfect for entertaining or serving at a  special gathering. Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. #moussaka #eggplant #eggplantmoussaka #lamb #vegetarianmoussaka

Add half of the meat sauce and then add another layer of eggplant.
Add the rest of the meat sauce, and add the third and final layer of eggplant.

An authentic, delicious recipe for Rustic Eggplant Moussaka- perfect for entertaining or serving at a  special gathering. Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. #moussaka #eggplant #eggplantmoussaka #lamb #vegetarianmoussaka

Finish by spooning the bechamel sauce over the entire top and sprinkle with the remaining cheese.
An authentic, delicious recipe for Rustic Eggplant Moussaka- perfect for entertaining or serving at a  special gathering. Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. #moussaka #eggplant #eggplantmoussaka #lamb #vegetarianmoussaka
An authentic, delicious recipe for Rustic Eggplant Moussaka- perfect for entertaining or serving at a  special gathering. Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. #moussaka #eggplant #eggplantmoussaka #lamb #vegetarianmoussaka
Place in a hot oven, uncovered.

By this time, you will have dirtied many dishes, but the smell wafting from the oven will reward you as you begin cleaning up. 🙂

An authentic, delicious recipe for Eggplant Moussaka- with a Tomato lamb sauce, and creamy béchamel sauce. Vegetarian Adaptable! Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving.#eggplantmoussaka

When the Rustic Eggplant Moussaka is done, it will be a lovely golden brown. Let it rest a few minutes before diving into it.

Any leftovers you have will be doubly good the next day.

An authentic, delicious recipe for Eggplant Moussaka- with a Tomato lamb sauce, and creamy béchamel sauce. Vegetarian Adaptable! Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving.#eggplantmoussaka
If you are an eggplant lover, I promise, you will love yourself for making this rustic Eggplant Moussaka! So satisfying and totally worth the effort! Perfect for entertaining!
Have a happy delicious week!
s.

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Rustic Eggplant Moussaka


Description

An authentic, delicious recipe for Eggplant Moussaka- with a Tomato lamb sauce, and creamy béchamel sauce. Vegetarian Adaptable! Can be made ahead and baked prior to serving. See notes for VEGAN.


Ingredients

Scale
  • 3 lbs Eggplant (2 extra-large or 3 eggplants)
  • salt
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil or cooking spray

Tomato Meat Sauce:

  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 large onion, diced
  • 4 cloves garlic, rough chopped
  • 2 lbs ground lamb, ground beef (or use vegetarian ground meat substitute -Gimme Lean or St Ives Meatless Ground.) I prefer lamb.
  • 1 ½ cups diced tomatoes, with juices (or 14-ounce can, with juices)
  • 3 tablespoons tomato paste
  • ½ cup white wine (optional, sub 1/4 cup water)
  • 2 teaspoons dried oregano
  • 1 tsp sugar
  • 1 tsp cinnamon
  • 3/4 tsp kosher salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon cracked pepper
  • 23 tablespoons fresh chopped parsley

Bechamel Sauce:

  • 3 tablespoons butter or olive oil
  • 4 tablespoons flour
  • 2 cups milk
  • 1/2 tsp nutmeg (use fresh grated if possible)
  • 1/4 tsp kosher salt
  • 1/8 tsp pepper or  white pepper
  • 1/4 cup grated Parmesan, Pecorino or Kefalotiri Cheese ( plus an additional 1/4 cup for the top-optional)
  • 1 egg, room temp, lightly beaten

Instructions

  1. Pre-heat oven to 400 F. Cut eggplant into ⅓- ¼ inch thick disks (no thinner), sprinkle with a little kosher salt and let sit in a colander or bowl for 20-60 minutes. Eggplant will start to release liquid (making it less bitter)
  2. Rinse well, pat dry and brush each side with olive oil (or use spray oil).
  3. Place on a greased sheet pan and roast in a 400 F oven until golden, about 20-30 minutes. Alternatively, you can grill the eggplant on each side ( getting nice deep grill marks) then wrapping it in foil after for 10-15 minutes, so it steams and cooks through.
  4. While eggplant is roasting -make the tomato- meat sauce: In a large pan, saute diced onion in oil on med-high heat for 3-4 minutes, add garlic, turn heat down to med-low and saute for 8-10 minutes until onions are tender. Add the ground lamb ( or beef or vegetarian meat), turn heat up to medium and brown, stirring often, about 15 minutes. Drain fat if any. Add the rest of the ingredients -diced tomatoes, tomato paste, white wine, fresh chopped parsley, sugar, cinnamon, kosher salt and pepper. Stir and cover and let simmer on med-low heat for 20 minutes.
  5. Make Bechamel Sauce: In a small pot, heat the butter. Whisk in the flour and let cook for 2-3 minutes on med heat, stirring often. Whisk in the first cup of milk a little at a time. Whisk well, and add the 2nd cup. Stirring constantly bring to a boil, lower heat, and let simmer on low for an additional 2 minutes. Remove from heat and add nutmeg, cheese, salt, pepper. Set aside to cool. In a separate bowl, lightly beat an egg, but do not add it just yet.
  6. Assemble: Divide eggplant slices into three stacks, reserving the best looking largest pieces for the top and bottom layers. The others can be placed in the middle layer which will be concealed.
  7. In a greased 8x 13 inch baking dish, place one layer of eggplant. Add half the meat sauce. Add another layer of eggplant and the remaining meat sauce. Add the third and final layer of eggplant. Whisk in 2-3 tablespoons of bechamel sauce, into the beaten egg (to temper it) then pour this into the bechamel sauce, whisking until nice and smooth. Spread the bechamel over the final eggplant layer.
  8. Sprinkle with the remaining cheese ( optional)  and place in a 350F oven for 50-60 minutes, uncovered until beautifully golden. Let stand 10 minutes before serving.

Notes

  1. Notes: You can make this ahead and refrigerate for a couple days before baking. You can also freeze this after baking.
  2. An easy way to approach this is to make this in stages. For example, roast or grill the eggplant a couple days ahead, make the meat sauce the next day, make the béchamel the last day and assemble the day of baking.
  3. My personal preferences here are to grill the eggplant if possible and to use ground lamb (or a mix of beef and lamb). Soooo good!
  4. VEGAN: You could make this vegan by using vegetarian meat – then olive oil, nut milk and vegan cheese in the bechamel. It can be done. Just make sure both the red sauce and white sauce are flavorful, tasting and seasoning 🙂

Nutrition

  • Serving Size:
  • Calories: 564
  • Sugar: 12.6 g
  • Sodium: 411.8 mg
  • Fat: 40.7 g
  • Saturated Fat: 14.1 g
  • Carbohydrates: 23.5 g
  • Fiber: 6.6 g
  • Protein: 25.7 g
  • Cholesterol: 109.2 mg

Keywords: moussaka, best moussaka recipe, eggplant moussaka, moussaka recipe, authentic moussaka, vegetarian moussaka, eggplant moussaka recipe, vegetarian moussaka

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Hi, I'm Sylvia!

Chef and author of the whole-foods recipe blog, Feasting at Home, Sylvia Fountaine is a former restaurant owner and caterer turned full-time food blogger. She currently lives in the Pacific Northwest and shares seasonal, healthy recipes along with tips and tricks from her home kitchen.

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Comments

  1. I am Greek American and while my family made pastitsio more often than Moussaka, I love this recipe – it’s the best!
    We did used to make a meat sauce with diced eggplant in it that is wonderful over rice. I think roasting the eggplant takes it up many notches.

    I really don’t like potatoes in it, but instead often make lemon roasted Greek potatoes on the side.
    My grown kids love this dish and ask for it whenever visiting. There are a lot of steps and dirty pans, but I make it in steps over 2-3 days and it’s well worth it.
    Was wondering since I make it in several steps – would assembling everything but the bechamel addition make it too soggy?

    1. Hi Irene! I think it would be totally fine to assemble ahead. And please tell us more about your Greek potatoes!

  2. Absolutely worth the time it takes to make it. I’ve made it a few times with veggie crumbles and it always turns out perfect!

  3. This is a wonderful recipe!! I will be making it again. I used ground beef & followed the recipe with everything else. It was delicious!

  4. A bit of prep work, but soooo worth it.
    We’ve made it vegan and loved every bite!
    Thank you 🙏🏼

    1. Great to hear! What did you use instead of meat- in case others want to try this?

  5. Excellent recipe! Made it using ground Vegan “meat.” Everyone in the family loved it! Thank you Sylvia!

  6. Hi Sylvia! I was wondering if there was any way to not use flour in the bechamel sauce? I found another recipe for a flourless bechamel sauce, but it calls for heavy whipping cream and cream cheese. I was wondering if there was a way to avoid that and to use your recipe still. Thanks!

    1. Hi Kathleen, I think you could use that flour-free recipe here- just be sure to add the nutmeg.

  7. Thank for the easy to follow mousska recipe! I will encourage my wife to expand her cooking horizons. She has a dislike and minor allergy for garlic so the question is – any substitute ingredient suggestions for the garlic? Thanks!

    1. I’d just leave it out Jimmy- or try granulated garlic- some folks can tolerate that better?

  8. I made all the alterations to make this completely vegan. It was a huge smash at my dinner party. There were no leftovers. This is such a delicious dish. I will be making this several times each year.

  9. Try a little lemon in your Bechamel a la Avgolemono. It gives the dish so much more complexity. Thanks for your recipe!

  10. I cooked this once for my wife and mom, and they loved it! Thank you for making a truly wonderful recipe (with eggplant to boot)!

    I do have one question, though. I know some people mix the meat into the bechamel sauce. Do you feel like it tastes better with the beef/tomato and bechamel sauce remaining separate?

    1. Glad your family enjoyed this Paul! I personally prefer the layers, it is how I first experienced Moussaka, but maybe it is just me? You can always give it a try, cooking is so subjective and personal. Plus it is fun to experiment! 🙂

  11. I have made this several times and each time I fall in love with moussaka all over again. Thank you for yet another wonderful recipe.

  12. This came out beautifully! I will definitely make this again. I used lamb and would not change it. Highly recommend!

  13. Absolutely one of the best recipes I found on google ! Every flavour and method of cooking is perfect for full flavour. My absolute favourite.

  14. Extraordinarily flavorful. This may become in your household—as in mine — everyone’s favorite. Surprise your guests, too.
    I always make it with ground lamb and 28oz can of San Marzano peeled tomatoes. Enjoy

  15. I have tried different Moussaka recipes and this one is my very favourite. The blend of cinnamon in the meat sauce and the nutmeg in the Bechamel created the exact Green flavouring needed for this dish. I will definitely make it again.
    Awesome!!

  16. Hi Sylvia! I just finished assembling two separate dishes! I’d like to bake and eat one and bake and freeze the other for a couple weeks! What’s the best way to thaw and reheat? Excited to taste this dish with a salad and glass of wine!!

    1. I always try to thaw 24 hours in the fridge. Reheat covered at 350F, covered, then remove foil or lid.